A government starts off with a total debt of $3.5 billion. In year one, the government runs a deficit of $400 million. In year two, the government runs a deficit of $1 billion. In year three, the government runs a surplus of $200 million. What is the total debt of the government at the end of year three?


If a government runs a budget deficit of $10 billion dollars each year for 10 years, then a surplus of $1 billion for five years, and then a balanced budget for another 10 years, what is the government debt?


Specify whether expansionary or contractionary fiscal policy would seem to be most appropriate in response to each of the situations below and sketch a diagram using aggregate demand and aggregate supply curves to illustrate your answer:

  1. a recession
  2. a stock market collapse that hurts consumer and business confidence
  3. extremely rapid growth of exports
  4. rising inflation
  5. a rise in the natural rate of unemployment
  6. a rise in oil prices