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Problems

# Problems

45.

In country A, the population is 300 million, and 50 million people are living below the poverty line. What is the poverty rate?

46.

In country B, the population is 900 million, and 100 million people are living below the poverty line. What is the poverty rate?

47.

Susan is a single mother with three children. She can earn $8 per hour and works up to 2,000 hours per year. However, if she does not earn any income at all, she will receive government benefits totaling$16,000 per year. For every $1 of income she earns, her level of government support will be reduced by$1. Create a table, patterned after Table 14.4. The first column should show Susan’s choices of how many hours to work per year, up to 2,000 hours. The second column should show her earnings from work. The third column should show her level of government support, given her earnings. The final column should show her total income, combining earnings and government support.

48.

A group of 10 people have the following annual incomes: $55,000,$30,000, $15,000,$20,000, $35,000,$80,000, $40,000,$45,000, $30,000,$50,000. Calculate the share of total income received by each quintile of this income distribution. Do the top and bottom quintiles in this distribution have a greater or larger share of total income than the top and bottom quintiles of the U.S. income distribution for 2005?