Lesson Introduction

Overview of the Hospitality and Tourism Career Cluster

Hospitality and Tourism Career Cluster logo
The Hospitality and Tourism Career Cluster encompasses all aspects of managing, marketing, and operating lodging establishments, tourism attractions, recreational venues, special events, travel related services, and food services. Occupations in this cluster range from concierge and guest services to museum curators, travel agents, and theme park ride designers and engineers.

Career Pathways

The instructional content for Hospitality and Tourism is organized into four career pathways:

  • Restaurants and Food/Beverage Services
  • Lodging
  • Travel and Tourism
  • Recreation, Amusements, and Attractions

Teacher Resources


To help students learn more about careers in Hospitality and Tourism, download and distribute the Hospitality and Tourism College and Career Planning Guide. The guide makes an excellent critical reading assignment for students enrolled in a hospitality and tourism practicum course.

WBL Experiences

There are two practicum courses within the Hospitality and Tourism Career Cluster. Be sure to bookmark the related TEKS for each practicum course so you can review them before you create the outline of training.



If you haven’t already done so, take a moment to bookmark the TEKS for the Practicum in Culinary Arts and TEKS for Hospitality Services.

Course Prerequisites

The Practicum in Culinary Arts is recommended for students in grades 11 and 12 who have completed Culinary Arts or Hotel Management.

The Practicum in Hospitality Services is recommended for students in grades 11 and 12 who have completed Hotel Management.

Legal and Safety Considerations

You should always discuss safety and legal considerations with the training sponsor in advance and include general and occupation-specific safety training on each student's training plan. The legal and safety concerns for the Culinary Arts course can be very different than those for the Hospitality course.

For example:

  • A student assisting with food preparation at an expensive restaurant will need to know food safety.
  • A student working at an amusement park might need to know CPR/First Aid.
  • A student employed as a front desk clerk might need to learn rules and procedures for handling credit card transactions and protecting guest privacy.

Selling or Serving Alcohol

As discussed in Section 5 of this course, Texas laws do not permit students under age 18 to sell or serve alcoholic beverages on-premises. However, even though they cannot sell or serve alcohol, students should be trained in laws and rules related to alcohol, such as penalties for underage drinking and recognizing and responding appropriately to guests who are intoxicated.

Pre-Employment Requirements

The most common pre-employment requirements students in a Hospitality and Tourism practicum may encounter are related to food and beverage handling and sales.

  • ServSafe Food Safety Certification
  • Food Handlers Permit
  • Certification to Sell or Serve Alcohol

Curriculum Resources

To promote educational excellence in career and technical education, the Texas Education Agency (TEA) launched the Texas CTE Resource Center.






Take a moment to bookmark the Texas CTE Resource Center website. Later, be sure to explore curriculum guidelines and instructional resources for the AFNR Career Cluster.


Career and technical student organizations (CTSOs) provide students with additional opportunities to acquire and demonstrate skills and abilities related to their chosen career field. Become familiar with those that are closely related to hospitality and tourism so you can help students select the organization that best supports their career goals.




Take a few moments to bookmark the CTSO websites below to explore later. 

Business Professionals of America (BPA)
DECA, Texas Association
Family, Career and Community Leaders of America (FCCLA)
Future Business Leaders of America (FBLA)
SkillsUSA Texas
Texas Technology Student Association (TSA)


Professional Associations

Get involved in at least one career and technical education (CTE) professional association. They are excellent sources of cluster-specific teaching tools, ideas, networking, and mentors.

There are several professional association related to culinary arts and hospitality services careers, including those listed below. You may also want to check with your colleagues for advice.




Take a few moments to bookmark the CTE professional association websites below to explore later.

Hospitality Educators Association of Texas
Family and Consumer Science Teachers Association of Texas (FCSTAT)
Marketing Educators of Texas
Texas Business and Technology Educators Association (TBTEA)
Texas Industrial Vocational Association (TIVA)
Texas Technology and Engineering Educators (TTEE)

Lesson Conclusion