Key Terms

Key Terms

balance of trade (trade balance)
the gap, if any, between a nation’s exports and imports
current account balance
a broad measure of the balance of trade that includes trade in goods and services, as well as international flows of income and foreign aid
exports of goods and services as a percentage of GDP
the dollar value of exports divided by the dollar value of a country’s GDP
financial account
flow of funds between the home country and the rest of the world
financial capital
the international flows of money that facilitates trade and investment
merchandise trade balance
the balance of trade looking only at goods
national savings and investment identity
the total of private savings and public savings (a government budget surplus)
unilateral transfers
one-way payments made by governments, private entities, or individuals that are sent abroad with nothing received in return