### Introduction

The purpose of a one-way ANOVA test is to determine the existence of a statistically significant difference among several group means. The test uses variances to help determine if the means are equal or not. To perform a one-way ANOVA test, there are five basic assumptions to be fulfilled:

- Each population from which a sample is taken is assumed to be normal.
- All samples are randomly selected and independent.
- The populations are assumed to have equal standard deviations (or variances).
- The factor is a categorical variable.
- The response is a numerical variable.