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Word problems, models and more!

**The students will engage in group activities to solve word problems with and without models as well as writing equations. **

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Crime Scene Two Steppers: Two-step word problems using multiplication and division

Students will collaboratively solve two-step real-world word multiplication and division problems by using a checklist. Students will also solve a two-step word problem by completing a hands-on group activity.

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Colorful Fractions

**Students will represent fractions in multiple ways, such as pattern blocks, fraction strips, and number lines.**

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The Great Classroom Escape

Students will work collaboratively to solve six real-world multiplication problems and earn puzzle pieces they can put together to reveal a phone number they can call to escape the classroom.

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Who Ate More - Fractions on a Number Line

In this activity, students will consider a real-world scenario requiring them to compare two fractional amounts using a number line. Through the use of the number line and peer collaboration, students will recognize equivalency in the two fractional quantities and effectively communicate their understanding of this concept.

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Finding Clues to Solve Equations and Inequalities

**Students will solve one variable two-step equations and inequalities using a variety of materials while working independently and collaboratively in learning stations.**

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Using Theoretical and Experimental Probability to Make Predictions

Given an event to simulate, the student will use theoretical probabilities and experimental results to make predictions and decisions.

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Problem-Solving Pet Store

Using a pet store theme, students will work in groups to solve real-world problems to grasp the concept of multi-step multiplication and division word problems.

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Decoding Word Problems

**This lesson focuses on multi-step word problems involving division along with addition or subtraction. The students chunk word problems into each individual step and learn how to choose a familiar strategy. **

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What Goes In, Must Come Out

**Students will learn how to use an input-output table using real-world examples.**

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Analyzing Data Using a Dot Plot

Students will construct a dot plot using data collected on the faces of a cube after it is rolled. Students will then use a key to change the data to represent a larger population.

**Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) Vertical Alignment**

Click below to learn about the TEKS related to the unit and Research Lesson. The highlighted student expectation(s) is the chosen focus for the Research Lesson.

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Modeling and Solving Two-Step Equations

Students will use various materials to create models of two-step equations. Then, they will take an equation, create their own model, and solve for the variable from the model.

**Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) Related to the Unit**

Click below to learn about the TEKS related to this unit.

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Equations and Inequalities

Using a graphic organizer, students will write and solve a one-variable, two-step equation using the distributive property. They also will draw a picture and justify their solution.

**Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) Vertical Alignment**

Click below to learn about the TEKS related to the unit and Research Lesson. The highlighted student expectation(s) is the chosen focus for the Research Lesson.

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Does Paper Have Volume?

Students will be involved in a problem-solving lesson to determine if paper has volume, find the volume of a piece of paper and a ream of paper, and determine how many pieces of paper will fit inside their classroom.

**Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) Related to the Unit**

Click below to learn about the TEKS related to this unit.

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Discovering the Ratio of Pi

Students will discover the ratio of *pi* by relating the circumference to the diameter of various circles. Students will use this ratio to approximate the formulas for circumference.

**Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) Vertical Alignment**

Click below to learn about the TEKS related to the unit and Research Lesson. The highlighted student expectations are the chosen focus for the Research Lesson.

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Volume of Triangular Prisms

Students will use hands-on manipulatives to discover the connection between the shape of the base and the height to determine the volume of a prism.

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Models of Multiplication

Students will solve one-step multiplication problems using various multiplication strategies such as objects, pictorial models, arrays, equal groups, repeated addition, and number lines.

**Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) Vertical Alignment**

Click below to learn about the TEKS related to the unit and Research Lesson. The highlighted student expectation(s) is the chosen focus for the Research Lesson.

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Diagramming Dinosaurs

Students will use a verbal representation to explore a constant rate of change in the size of dinosaurs over a period of time and represent their data by graphing.

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Distributive Property

Students break an array apart to represent the sum of two multiplication facts, showing the distributive property.

**Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) Related to the Unit**

As we looked at the vertical alignment document available to teachers through the Texas Education Agency and regional TEKS resource pages, it became evident why students struggle with this standard. The skills and knowledge within this standard are not addressed in the second-grade TEKS. Students are also required to use multiple skills to correctly calculate the answer using the distributive property. The chosen standard is identified as a third-grade readiness standard, which means that the intent is to help students develop a deep understanding of how to effectively use these skills in mathematics. This deep understanding is desired to help students at the fourth-grade level since the standard is identified as a supporting standard.

Click below to learn about the TEKS related to this unit.

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Compound Probability: Independent vs. Dependent Events

Students will review steps for solving compound probability problems through an activity involving doughnuts. Students will then determine the difference between independent and dependent events through compound probability task cards. To encourage students to work through their struggle, students will rate themselves on a scale measuring effort and achievement at the end of the lesson.

**Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) Vertical Alignment**