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Product and Quotient Properties of Exponents

This lesson helps students understand two foundational exponential properties: The Product and Quotient Properties of Exponents. Students will collaborate to formulate a rule for these properties. Ultimately, students should conclude that when the same bases are being multiplied, exponents will be added; and when the same bases are being divided, exponents will be subtracted. As the lesson progresses, students will apply these rules to simplify expressions of various difficulties.

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Introduction to Character Foils

During this lesson, students will view video clips and read texts that have character foils examples. Students will complete a graphic organizer with evidence that supports their identification of foil characters. Once complete, students will use the information from the graphic organizer to discuss character foils.

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Metacognitive Approaches to Student-based Learning

In this lesson, students will learn how to make complex inferences and draw conclusions about a work of literary fiction using a combination of text evidence and background knowledge. Using a graphic organizer and a short story, students will record both text evidence and their prior knowledge, and combine these elements to make an inference about the character.

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2 Texas Middle School Fluency Assessment: Administering and Interpreting Results

This binder details how to score and interpret the results of the Texas Middle School Fluency Assessment (TMSFA). This course is Unit 4 of the Texas Adolescent Literacy Academy (TALA). These materials are available for view only; no credit or certificate is provided.

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Using Linear Equations to Count Pecans

**Students will write linear equations in point-slope form given two points via a verbal description.**

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Up, Up, and Away

Students will determine an appropriate tabular/graphic/formulaic linear solution given 3 sets of data points.

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How Authors Develop Complex Yet Believable Characters in Drama by Contrasting Characters

The students will identify characteristics of characters from Shakespeare's *Romeo and Juliet*, explain why the characters are foils to each other, and use text evidence to support their understanding.

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Laws of Exponents

Students will discover the laws of exponents using problem-solving skills.

**Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) Vertical Alignment**

Click below to learn about the TEKS related to the unit and Research Lesson. The highlighted student expectation(s) is the chosen focus for the Research Lesson.

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Rate of Change

The students will determine the rate of change from tables and graphs by using the slope formula. The students will discover and interpret the real-world applications of rate of change.

**Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) Vertical Alignment**

Click below to learn about the TEKS related to the unit and Research Lesson. The highlighted student expectation(s) is the chosen focus for the Research Lesson.

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Solving Rational Equations

Students will discuss and formulate an equation to solve an engaging real-world problem. They will use manipulatives to describe how to find the common denominator they need to solve the equation. They will break up into groups and solve for a more complicated problem.

**Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) Vertical Alignment**

Click below to learn about the TEKS related to the unit and Research Lesson. The highlighted student expectation(s) is the chosen focus for the Research Lesson.

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Sparking Curiosity and Wonder: Making Complex Inferences

Students will learn how to activate their curiosity and use questioning strategies to make complex inferences and connections across texts.

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Themes in Hamlet

Students will make inferences about themes from the play, use textual evidence from the play to support their inferences using the CASE model, and will make a praise and criticism for peer answers.

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Kid2Kid: Determining the Meaning of Slope and Intercepts

Kid2Kid videos on determining the meaning of slope and intercepts in English and Spanish

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Using Logical Reasoning to Prove Conjectures about Circles

Given conjectures about circles, the student will use deductive reasoning and counterexamples to prove or disprove the conjectures.

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Generalizing Geometric Properties of Ratios in Similar Figures

Students will investigate patterns to make conjectures about geometric relationships and apply the definition of similarity, in terms of a dilation, to identify similar figures and their proportional sides and congruent corresponding angles.

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Determining Area: Sectors of Circles

Students will use proportional reasoning to develop formulas to determine the area of sectors of circles. Students will then solve problems involving the area of sectors of circles.

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Making Conjectures About Circles and Segments

Given examples of circles and the lines that intersect them, the student will use explorations and concrete models to formulate and test conjectures about the properties and relationships among the resulting segments.

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Determining Area: Regular Polygons and Circles

The student will apply the formula for the area of regular polygons to solve problems.

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Making Conjectures About Circles and Angles

Given examples of circles and the lines that intersect them, the student will use explorations and concrete models to formulate and test conjectures about the properties of and relationships among the resulting angles.

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Domain and Range: Numerical Representations

Given a function in the form of a table, mapping diagram, and/or set of ordered pairs, the student will identify the domain and range using set notation, interval notation, or a verbal description as appropriate.